Animal Law

The law, when effectively harnessed, can be come the most potent weapon in the fight against animal abuse and exploitation.When interpreted with courage and compassion, it can extend the maximum protection to living beings that cannot speak or fight for themselves.

CUPA aims to make Animal Welfare Law familiar and accessible so that more and more individuals are able to ensure ethical treatment of animals. Below is a compilation of of laws that apply to domestic, wild, experimental and pet animals. We hope to empower all citizens and use the strength of the law to protect animals that are found to be victims of human greed and cruelty.

The Laws – Domestic Animals : 

Laws invoked in cases of animal cruelty are –

(1) Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960.

(2) Indian Penal Code (Relevant Sections).

(3) Criminal Procedure Code (Relevant Sections).

⇒ The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960

  • Also referred to as the PCA
  • Considers all incidents of animal cruelty a criminal offence
  • Used to clearly define the violation
  • Provides for fines and imprisonment

⇒ The Animal Birth Control Rules, 2001.

  • Also referred to as ABC Rules
  • Provide for sterilization and vaccination as a means of stabilizing/reducing stray dog populations and eliminating the risk of rabies (Section 3)
  • Provides guidelines for the carrying out of local Animal Birth Control programs (Section 7)
  • Prohibits relocation of stray dogs (Section 7)
  • Provides guidelines for dog breeding which must be adhered to by breeders (Section 12)

⇒ Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Slaughter House) Rules, 2001.

  • Clearly defines the conditions under which an animal can or cannot be slaughtered
  • Mandates that animals cannot be slaughtered except in recognized or licensed slaughterhouses (Section 3)
  • This includes provisions of resting grounds, compulsory veterinary inspections, slaughter in isolation (out of view of other animals), specifications for the slaughter house building such as floors, windows, drainage and ventilation, valid licensing of employees and impromptu inspections carried out by the Animal Welfare Board of India (Section 4 – 9)

⇒ The Prevention of Cruelty to Draught and Pack Animals Rules, 1965.

  • For large working animals such as buffalo, horse, mule pony and camel
  • Classifies these animals into ‘large’, ‘medium’ and ‘small’ and prescribes maximum loads that can be carried respectively (Section 2)
  • Allows persons authorized by the Government or the Animal Welfare Board of India to take charge of an animal in case of suspected offence (Section 11)

⇒ The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Transport of Animals on Foot) Rules, 2011.

  • Applies to transport of animals on foot when distance from point of origin to last destination is 5 km or more than 5 km (Section 3)
  • Mandates that animals transported on foot shall be healthy and in fit condition for such transport (Section 4)
  • Prohibits the use of a whip, etc during transportation of animals (Section 11)
  • Prohibition on transport of animals on foot before sunrise and after sunset (Section 12)
  • Provision of distance, time, rest, intervals and temperature to be provided
  • Allows persons authorized by the Government or the Animal Welfare Board of India to take charge of an animal in case of suspected offence

⇒ The Motor Vehicles Act – Notification to regulate animal transport.

  • Makes OIE standards of cattle transport mandatory
  • Mandates that each transporter obtain a special registration for each animal carrier after having fitted individual permanent partitions in the vehicle to prevent overloading.
  • Animal carriers disallowed from carrying any other goods

Will come into force from 1st January 2016


Circulars/Orders issued by the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI).

AWBI circular on pet dogs and street dogs in and around residential complexes.

600 North Karnataka Flood Relief (2)